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Bachelor of Education

Duration: 2 Years
Level: Graduation
Type: Degree
Eligibility: Graduation

B.Ed. stands for an undergraduate academic course known as Bachelor of Education. Earlier it was known as Bachelor of Training (BT). It is a course offered for those who are interested in pursuing career in teaching and related fields. Also referred as ‘Bachelor in Education’ or in some universities as ‘SikshaShastri’, its duration generally lasts 2 years. Bachelor of Education Course can also be pursued through Correspondence or Distance Learning which is generally of 2 Years duration. While students from Arts Stream are trained to teach subjects like History, Civics, Geography and Languages. The students from Science Stream are trained to teach Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The B.Ed. degree course is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools. National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates courses in teaching in India. The B.Ed. degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools.

Subjects or Topics studied in B.Ed.

  • Education, Culture and Human Values
  • Educational Evaluation and Assessment
  • Educational Psychology
  • Guidance and Counselling
  • Holistic Education
  • Philosophy of Education

B.Ed. Eligibility

  1. The minimum qualification required for entry into B.Ed. course is Bachelor of Arts (B.A), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.) form a recognised board/university with at least 50% marks.
  2. Students need to appear in an entrance test conducted by the various states and Independent educational bodies and universities for admission in various teaching institutions attached with it according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam.
  3. These exams are generally held in the month of June-July and consist of Objective type questions about English, General Knowledge, Aptitude, Basic Arithmetic Teaching Potential and one local language in some states. The results of these exams are generally out by July/Aug. Candidates go through practical training courses, apart from theory classes. Know more about B.Ed. Entrance Test

B.Ed. Syllabus

Syllabus of Bachelor of Education as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.

Sr. No. Subjects of Study
1 Paper-I Philosophical and Sociological Basis of Education
2 Paper-II The Learner – Nature and Development
3 Paper-III Teaching–Learning Process
4 Paper-IV (PART-A) School Management
(PART-B) Computer Education
5 Paper-V (PART-A) Guidance and Counselling-
(PART-B) Any One of the following options:(i) School Library Services
(ii) Comparative Education
(iii) Adult and Continuing Education
(iv) Health and Physical Education
(v) Education of Children with special needs
(vi) Population Education
(vii) Distance Education and Open Learning
(viii) Environmental Education
(xi) Yoga Education
(x) Value Education
(xi) Educational Technology
(xii) Elementary Education
(xiii) Women Education & Indian Society
(xiv) Co-Curricular Activities in Schools
(xv) E-Education Resource Development

1.2 PAPERS-VI & VII: Methodology of Teaching of any two of the following:

1 Teaching of English 12 Teaching of Life Science
2 Teaching of Hindi 13 Teaching of Physical Science
3 Teaching of Punjabi 14 Teaching of Home Science
4 Teaching of Sanskrit 15 Teaching of Fine Arts
5 Teaching of History 16 Teaching of Music
6 Teaching of Geography 17 Teaching of Physical Education
7 Teaching of Economics 18 Teaching of Agriculture
8 Teaching of Social Studies 19 Teaching of Computer Education
9 Teaching of Commerce 20 Teaching of Political Science
10 Teaching of Mathematics 21 Teaching of Public Administration
11 Teaching of Science 22 Teaching of Sociology


(a) B.Ed. course (through Correspondence) is spread over two years, wherein Theory Papers I, II, III, IV (a & b) and Practical Components II & III shall be covered in B.Ed. Part-I; and

(b) Theory Papers V (a & b), VI and VII and Practical Components I & IV shall be covered in B.Ed. Part-II.



A. There shall be four components of practical work. The distribution of the practical work shall be as under:


Component Practical External Internal Total
I School Experience Programme 60+60=120 40+40=80 200 (For two teaching subjects)
II Simple Expressional Competencies 30 20 50
III Health & Sports Programme 30 20 50
IV A. Work Experience Programme
B. Co-curricular, Culture & Community Activities
30 20


How is B.Ed. Course Beneficial?

  • B.Ed. course makes an individual, skilled in efficient teaching of subjects based on accepted principles of learning and teaching.
  • It develops our skills and widens our understanding so that we can impart quality education to our students.
  • Teaching provides job satisfaction, job security, high earnings and flexible schedule.
  • After B.Ed., students can pursue Master in Education (M.Ed.) in Indian universities.

B.Ed. Employment Areas

  • Coaching Centres
  • Education Consultancies
  • Education Departments
  • Home Tuitions
  • Private Tuitions
  • Publishing Houses
  • Research and Development Agencies
  • Schools& Colleges

B.Ed. Course Job Types

  • Teacher
  • Administrator
  • Assistant Dean
  • Content Writer
  • Counsellor
  • Education Researcher
  • Instructor
  • Librarian
  • Military Trainer
  • Principle
  • Syllabus Designer

Advance Course in B.Ed.

  • M.Ed.

After completing B.Ed. you can become:

  • Teacher


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